||Surgery to remove adhesions on the fallopian tubes.
||Surgery to correct blocked fallopian tubes.
||Bag of skin and thin muscle that holds the testicles.
||Inability to conceive after 6 months of regular unprotected intercourse, or carry a pregnancy when at least one partner has successfully conceived or carried one or more pregnancies.
||Study of fresh ejaculate under the microscope to count the number of million sperm per milliliter or cubic centimeter, to check the shape and size of the sperm (morphology), and to note their ability to move (motility).
|Semen or Seminal Fluid
||Composed of elements formed by the testes (sperm) and the male accessory glands (prostate and seminal vesicle). Only a small part of the visible ejaculate (semen) comes from the testicle.
||Pair of pouch like glands around the prostate in the male that produce a thick alkaline secretion that is added to sperm during ejaculation.
|| Long tubes in the testicles in which sperm are formed.
|Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD)
||Any infection pertaining to or transmitted by sexual intercourse. The most common STDs are gonorrhea, herpes and AIDS. Some STDs are readily treatable if medical help is sought early. Certain STDs can cause infertility in both men and women if untreated.
|| - Male reproductive cells that have measurable characteristics such as:
- Motility - Refers to the percentage of sperm demonstrating any type of forward movement.
- Count (or Density) - Refers to the number of sperm present.
- Morphology - Refers to the form or shape of the sperm.
- Viability - Refers to whether the sperm are alive.
|| Presence of sperm antibodies in the woman or man that tend to destroy sperm action by immobilizing the sperm or making them clump together.
||Technique that separates the sperm from the seminal fluid.
||Production of sperm within the seminiferous tubules.
|| Stretch ability of cervical mucus. This is a rough measure of how easily sperm cells can enter and penetrate the cervical secretions.
|| Method of collecting a semen specimen so that the first half of the ejaculate is caught in one container and the rest in a second container. The first half usually contains the majority of the sperm and is then used to inseminate the woman.
|| Woman who becomes pregnant through insemination with the sperm of the male partner of an infertile woman and then, following pregnancy and birth, turns the child over for adoption by the couple.